By Markus Reindel, Günther A. Wagner
Markus Reindel is an archaeologist really good in South American and Mesoamerican cultures. He earned his Ph. D. measure on the collage of Bonn in Germany. He performed archaelogical fieldwork in northern Peru, at the coast of Ecuador, in Yucatan, Mexiko and back in Peru, the place he's engaged within the research of the Nasca tradition over the past ten years.
Günther A. Wagner directed the examine crew of Archaeometry, Heidelberg Academy of Sciences, located on the Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics, and was once whilst professor for geology on the collage of Heidelberg. After his retirement in 2006 he joined the dep. of Geography. In 1999 he grew to become the 1st president of the German Archaeometric Society. he's member of the German Archaeological Institute. He has authored/coauthored numerous books and various articles. He acted as dealing with Editor of the magazine ‘Archaeometry’ and nonetheless is Editor of the sequence ‘Natural technology in Archaeology’. His learn issues are archaeochronometry, archaeometallurgy and geoarchaeology.
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Additional resources for New Technologies for Archaeology: Multidisciplinary Investigations in Palpa and Nasca, Peru
Ma¨chtle from the Amazon Basin over the Andes to the study area. At its northern margin the stable anticyclone drives the moisture transport to the west coast. A shift of the anticyclone of only a few hundred kilometres farther north or south led to intensified or to reduced east–west transport of Amazon air (Fig. 3). It must be stressed that leeward effects in tropical mountains are not very important because the moisture transport happens not advectively as in the subtropics or higher latitudes but by convection up to heights >12 km.
1997) coincides with accelerated aridisation of the study area and points to a more southern position of the Bolivia High which causes more precipitation in the Titicaca Basin and reduced rainfall in the Ica–Nazca region (Fig. 3). The hydrologically sensitive living space of the Nasca people responded dramatically even to weak climate changes. Ma¨chtle (2007) assumed only a rainfall reduction of $100 mm/a, which seems not very much at first, but it could have halved the total annual precipitation and could have stopped the runoff in the lower parts of the valleys.
The collected water seeps down and improves soil water conditions. For a successful operation of the Khadin, some typical features are necessary (Fig. 3): Rocky upland in the catchment so that only a minimum of rainfall is retained by talus deposits Debris retaining walls on steeper ditches Fig. 2 Dry valley, blocked by a bund (a and dotted line, for detail see Fig. 3d). On the lower slopes terraces were built (b). The valley fill was used as cropping area, the ‘‘Khadin’’ (c) 3 Built on Sand: Climatic Oscillation and Water Harvesting 43 Fig.