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Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford

By Dennis J. Stanford

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the US? in line with the now commonly used tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. special stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition proven the presence of those early New international humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in foundation? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic learn, and genetic experiences, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the previous narrative and, within the method, counter traditional—and usually subjective—approaches to archaeological checking out for old relatedness. The authors follow rigorous scholarship to a speculation that locations the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st americans crossed the Atlantic by way of boat and arrived ahead of formerly proposal. providing archaeological and oceanographic proof to help this statement, the publication dismantles the outdated paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis know-how with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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Additional resources for Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

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We hope that it will help the reader to understand the basic principles of knapping, including some of the main issues related to the technological comparisons we use to suggest historical linkages. Additionally, since the archaeological literature is full of technological terms whose usage may vary from researcher to researcher, this chapter presents our definitions. We have italicized the key terms to make them easier to refer back to as you read through the book. You may also find them in the extensive index.

As McJunkin rode down Wild Horse arroyo he noticed large animal bones protruding from newly exposed canyon walls, and even more fossils were scattered downstream. McJunkin’s curiosity was piqued because the newly exposed bones were much larger than the cow and buffalo bones he was so familiar with, and because these bones had been buried beneath twenty feet of dirt and clay. Over the years, McJunkin talked about his discovery, and the legend of the prehistoric monster buffalo spread through the local communities around Folsom, New Mexico.

Because the technique is unique to Clovis and Solutrean biface manufacture, even down to the details of how the platforms were prepared, the idea of a historic connection between the two groups makes sense, especially since the many collections the authors have examined from Siberia show no indication that the overshot technique was systematically used there. And now there seemed to be additional technological characteristics shared by the Cactus Hill and the Spanish Solutrean projectile points, and the Cactus Hill radiocarbon dates were suggesting an overlap with Solutrean times.

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