By Isabel Pavão Martins, A. Castro-Caldas, Hugo R. van Dongen, Anne van Hout
One of the main attention-grabbing difficulties in Behavioural Neurology is the query of the cerebral association for language in the course of formative years. got aphasia in childrens, albeit infrequent, is a special condition within which to review the kin among language and the mind in the course of cerebral maturation. Its examine extra contributes to our realizing of the restoration strategies and mind plasticity in the course of youth. yet whereas there's a large amount of data and experimental paintings on brain-behaviour relationships in grownup matters, the literature concerning the results of focal mind lesions in youngsters is either exiguous and scattered all through clinical journals and books. We felt it was once time to arrange a gathering the place scientists during this box may perhaps examine their reports and talk about principles coming from varied components of analysis. A workshop on obtained Aphasia in young children used to be held in Sintra, Portugal, on September 13-15, 1990, and attended via forty four members from thirteen differents international locations. the ambience was once comfy and casual and the crowd used to be stored small to accomplish this impact. It was once a really vigorous and delightful assembly. a few consensus used to be certainly arrived at relating methodological difficulties, definition of phrases, and instructions for destiny learn. the most contributions are gathered during this ebook which, we are hoping, will serve the clinical group as a reference paintings on youth Aphasia. I,P.M., AC.C.
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Extra resources for Acquired Aphasia in Children: Acquisition and Breakdown of Language in the Developing Brain
Late recovery of auditory comprehension in global aphasia. Archives of Neurology 47: 425-432, 1990. Naeser MA, Hayward RW. lesion localization in aphasia with cranial computed tomography and the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Exam. Neurology 28: 545- 551. 1978. Naeser M, Helan-Estabrooks N, Haas G, Averbach S, Srinirasan M. Relationship between lesion extent in "Wernicke's area" on computed tomography scan and predicting recovery of comprehension in Wernicke's aphasia. Archives of Neurology, 44: 73-82, 1987.
These studies suggest that consistent and identifiable developmental changes in the frequency of passive usage occur across event and discourse contexts. Thus, it is the performance facts of passive usage which undergo change across development, beyond the point when children can produce their first passive. In a recent study reported more fully in Marchman, Bates, Burkardt, & Good (in press), we explored several functional contraints on passive usage, in thl" attempt to outline the basis of the developmental changes in the frequency of passive usage that are observed in normally developing English-speaking children.
6/6 orient. 4/5 Ment. Con. 9/9 Mem. Pass. Immed. 5/24 Inf. Dig. sp. Voc. Arith. Compo Sim. 13 9 13 12 9 10 Vis. Rep. Immed. Delay Pict. Compo Pict. Arr. BI. Des. Obj. Assem. Dig. Sym. 4/14 1/14 Assoc. Lang. Immed. 5/21 Delay 3/21 17 (2nd %ile) Bost. 8 Visuospatia1 Tests Hooper 13/30 Rey-Osterrieth Copy 28 (below 25th %ile) Immed. 5 Facial recog. 49/54 5 4 4 3 4 ANALYSIS or LESION LOCALIZATION AND SIZE Jose M. rerro raculdade de Medicina de Lisboa Hospital de Santo Mario. S. Neurologia 1600 LIS BOA.