Posted in History

A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural by Irina Metzler

By Irina Metzler

What used to be it wish to be disabled within the heart a long time? How did humans turn into disabled? Did welfare help exist? This ebook discusses social and cultural components affecting the lives of medieval crippled, deaf, mute and blind humans, these these days jointly referred to as "disabled." even if the notice didn't exist then, the various reviews disabled humans may need at the present time can already be traced again to medieval social associations and cultural attitudes.
This quantity informs our wisdom of the subject through investigating the influence medieval legislation had at the social place of disabled humans, and conversely, how humans may perhaps turn into disabled via judicial activities; rules of labor and the way paintings may either reason incapacity via commercial injuries but additionally offer endured skill to generate income via occupational aid networks; the disabling results of outdated age and linked actual deteriorations; and the altering nature of attitudes in the direction of welfare provision for the disabled and the ambivalent position of medieval associations and charity within the help and care of disabled humans.

Show description

Read or Download A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment (Routledge Studies in Cultural History, Volume 4) PDF

Similar history books

Augustus: The Life of Rome's First Emperor

He discovered Rome made up of clay and left it made from marble. As Rome’s first emperor, Augustus remodeled the unruly Republic into the best empire the realm had ever obvious. His consolidation and enlargement of Roman energy thousand years in the past laid the principles, for all of Western heritage to keep on with.

A Short History of Man: Progress and Decline

A quick background of guy: growth and Decline represents not anything lower than a sweeping revisionist heritage of mankind, in a concise and readable quantity. Dr. Hans=Hermann Hoppe skillfully weaves historical past, sociology, ethics, and Misesian praxeology to provide another — and hugely difficult — view of human financial improvement over the a long time.

In the Name of Rome: The Men Who Won the Roman Empire

A definitive heritage of the good commanders of historical Rome, from bestselling writer Adrian Goldsworthy.

“In his elegantly available type, Goldsworthy bargains gripping and speedily erudite money owed of Roman wars and the good captains who fought them. His heroes are by no means flavorless and regularly occurring, yet magnificently Roman. And it's specifically Goldsworthy's imaginative and prescient of commanders deftly browsing the enormous, impossible to resist waves of Roman army culture, whereas navigating the floating logs, reefs, and treacherous sandbanks of Roman civilian politics, that makes the ebook necessary not just to these attracted to Rome and her battles, yet to somebody who unearths it amazing that army males, without delay pushed and imperiled by means of the extraordinary and idiosyncratic methods in their societies, can accomplish nice deeds. ” —J. E. Lendon, writer of squaddies and Ghosts: A heritage of conflict in Classical Antiquity

The Frozen Water Trade

The tale of the 19th-century ice alternate, within which ice from the lakes of latest England – valued for its outstanding purity – revolutionised family lifestyles round the world.

In the times prior to man made refrigeration, it was once suggestion most unlikely to move ice for lengthy distances. yet one guy, Frederic Tudor, was once confident it can be performed. this is often the tale of the way, nearly single-handedly, and within the face of near-universal mockery, he demonstrated an unlimited that might introduce the advantages of clean ice to massive elements of the globe.

Thanks to Tudor, the yank style for beverages ‘on the rocks’ unfold to tropical parts similar to the West Indies and British India. by way of the 1830s fleets of schooners carried the frozen shipment, full of sawdust and tarpaulins for insulation, to all corners of the realm. The harvesting of the ice from New England’s lakes hired hundreds of thousands of men.

The frozen water alternate had a profound effect at the tastes of a giant a part of the area, yet with the improvement of synthetic cooling structures within the first zone of the twentieth century, the large proven by means of Frederic Tudor vanished as though it had by no means been.

Extra info for A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment (Routledge Studies in Cultural History, Volume 4)

Example text

113 Torture seems to have had some supporters, but one may also hear voices warning against its widespread usage, for instance, the statutes of Vercelli (Italy), which restricted torture to “known criminals, thieves or men of ill-fame”, while the statutes of Bologna made it difficult for any citizen of that city to be subjected to torture. ”114. 115 If the alleged criminal survived torture, and was perhaps even acquitted, permanent physical impairment, never mind mental scars, was a likely outcome, what with distorted limbs and fractured bones due to the process.

A similar attack on the non-combative population with the aim of using mutilation as an extreme form of economic plunder is recounted during the Albigensian Crusade. ”56 The last point emphasises that behind all the lurid descriptions of mutilations often lurked an even more disagreeable rationale for carrying them out in the first place: the powerful employing a scorched earth approach on the bodies of the powerless subjects of the enemy. For all the preceding examples we have only textual sources to go by for the deliberate mutilation of non-combatants,57 if one discounts the many representations of the biblical Massacre of the Innocents.

88 A thief who had had his hand cut off was hardly in the physical position to continue a career as a pickpocket, even if of course it did not mean that the mutilated thief was incapable of other criminal activities. 90 Simply cutting the outer ears would not physically prevent someone from being capable of carrying out theft, nor did it actually cause significant Law 23 hearing impairments, since the inner ear would not be damaged by this action, but it did ‘mark’ the person as a convicted criminal, with the consequence that such people were often likely to be set further on a downward spiral of delinquency.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.50 of 5 – based on 27 votes