By Irina Metzler
What used to be it wish to be disabled within the heart a long time? How did humans turn into disabled? Did welfare help exist? This ebook discusses social and cultural components affecting the lives of medieval crippled, deaf, mute and blind humans, these these days jointly referred to as "disabled." even if the notice didn't exist then, the various reviews disabled humans may need at the present time can already be traced again to medieval social associations and cultural attitudes.
This quantity informs our wisdom of the subject through investigating the influence medieval legislation had at the social place of disabled humans, and conversely, how humans may perhaps turn into disabled via judicial activities; rules of labor and the way paintings may either reason incapacity via commercial injuries but additionally offer endured skill to generate income via occupational aid networks; the disabling results of outdated age and linked actual deteriorations; and the altering nature of attitudes in the direction of welfare provision for the disabled and the ambivalent position of medieval associations and charity within the help and care of disabled humans.
Read or Download A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment (Routledge Studies in Cultural History, Volume 4) PDF
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Extra info for A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages: Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment (Routledge Studies in Cultural History, Volume 4)
113 Torture seems to have had some supporters, but one may also hear voices warning against its widespread usage, for instance, the statutes of Vercelli (Italy), which restricted torture to “known criminals, thieves or men of ill-fame”, while the statutes of Bologna made it difficult for any citizen of that city to be subjected to torture. ”114. 115 If the alleged criminal survived torture, and was perhaps even acquitted, permanent physical impairment, never mind mental scars, was a likely outcome, what with distorted limbs and fractured bones due to the process.
A similar attack on the non-combative population with the aim of using mutilation as an extreme form of economic plunder is recounted during the Albigensian Crusade. ”56 The last point emphasises that behind all the lurid descriptions of mutilations often lurked an even more disagreeable rationale for carrying them out in the ﬁrst place: the powerful employing a scorched earth approach on the bodies of the powerless subjects of the enemy. For all the preceding examples we have only textual sources to go by for the deliberate mutilation of non-combatants,57 if one discounts the many representations of the biblical Massacre of the Innocents.
88 A thief who had had his hand cut off was hardly in the physical position to continue a career as a pickpocket, even if of course it did not mean that the mutilated thief was incapable of other criminal activities. 90 Simply cutting the outer ears would not physically prevent someone from being capable of carrying out theft, nor did it actually cause signiﬁcant Law 23 hearing impairments, since the inner ear would not be damaged by this action, but it did ‘mark’ the person as a convicted criminal, with the consequence that such people were often likely to be set further on a downward spiral of delinquency.