By William Z. Shetter
First version This grammar arose from the necessity for a concise presentation of the necessities of the Dutch language which may be used either for self sufficient domestic research and in teams or sessions below formal guide. With the previous target in brain, the reasons were made as self-explanatory as attainable, and a whole key to the workouts has been supplied in an appendix. within the curiosity of simplicity and straightforwardness of reference and evaluation, each one grammatical subject is mentioned as totally as viable in a single position, and an attempt has been made to incorporate just one significant grammatical characteristic in anyone bankruptcy. yet in view that an exceptional beginning can extra successfully be accomplished via learn below expert supervision or with a local speaker of the language, the presentation has additionally been made adapt capable of this sort of research. The short fill-in routines in each one lesson offer a version for any volume of drill, and the dialogues and readings integrated at abnormal periods in addition to the overview selec tions put after each few chapters supplies the required additional perform in supervised guideline. aid may still at the least be sought with the pronunciation, the primary stumbling-block within the manner of both self reliant or supervised research.
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Extra info for A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch
Zij drinken koffie en praren met elkaar. Doorde stad loopt een gracht, en langs deze gracht staan bomen. Wij lopen de brug over, en aan de overkant gaan wij naar rechls. In dit dee! van de stad zijn vee! huizen. Kijk, in al deze huizen zijn winkels. De mensen hebben een winkel in het huis en wonen boven of achter de winkel. Hier in het centrum is het altijd zoo Oat gebouw daar is een van de drie scholen. Het is groot, niet waar? Nu zijn wij buiten het centrum. Dit deel van de stad is nieuw en heeft aileen huizen zonder winkels.
The verbs rijden, snijden and houden as spoken and written normally drop the-d of the stem as well as the -t of the second person singular in the inverted form: rij je? do you ride? snij je? do you cut? hou je? do you hold? The same is true of vinden though normally only in the spoken language: vind je (spoken yin je) do you think? vind je niet? (vin je niet) don't you think so? 44 The verbs: gaan, staan, doen, slaan, zien J:! ':I :I: gaan 'togo' doen 'to do' m III III ~ ~ c ~ :f "11 m ~ <: ikga jij gaat hij gaat wijgaan jul/ie gaan zijgaan ikdoe jijdoet hijdoet wijdoen jul/iedoen zijdoen m Similar to gaan are staan 'to stand' and slaan 'to strike'; similar to doen is zien 'to see'.
Elly and Han together? Keep practicing this until it feels natural to use three different words where we are used to only one in English. 2 Practice both stressed and unstressed forms of all combinations: jij schrijft, je schrijft. 3 Practice turning these phrases into questions. When you apply (2) to this, remember to use the right unstressed form of hij; and don't forget what happens to the verb form when jij follows it. 41 "'0 m Give the infinitive form of the following verbs and translate: jij helpt, hij leest, loop je?